Differences in the indicators of quality of life for older adults with hypertension living in urban and rural areas of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Authors

  • Darlene Mara dos Santos Tavares Universidad Federal del Triangulo Mineiro. Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil.
  • Geovanna Oliveira Barreto Universidad Federal del Triangulo Mineiro. Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil.
  • Flavia Aparecida Dias Universidad Federal del Triangulo Mineiro. Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil.
  • Maycon Sousa Pegorari Universidad Federal del Triangulo Mineiro. Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil.
  • Nayara Paula Fernandes Martins Universidad Federal del Triangulo Mineiro. Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil.
  • Pollyana Cristina dos Santos Ferreira Universidad Federal del Triangulo Mineiro. Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2015.321.1575

Keywords:

Health of the elderly, Hypertension, Urban population, Rural population, Quality of life

Abstract

Objectives. To compare socioeconomic, illnesses, and quality of life variables for older adults with arterial hypertension who are residents of urban and rural areas of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study comprised of 1,302 older adults from the urban area and 463 from the rural area who reported suffering from arterial hypertension. Descriptive analysis was performed, as well as the chi square test, t-test, and multiple and logistic regression. Results. In urban areas, females were more prevalent (66.5%; p<0.001) and older adults aged 75 and over (34.3%; p<0.001) were the most prevalent age group. In rural areas there was a higher prevalence of individuals living with a partner (65%; p<0.001), living alone (16.2%; p=0.021) and a lower prevalence of diseases such as arthritis/osteoarthritis (p<0.001), osteoporosis (p<0.001), asthma/bronchitis (p=0.028), stroke (p<0.001), heart problems (p<0.001), poor circulation (varices) (p<0.001), constipation (p<0.001 ), cataracts (p<0.001), benign tumors (p=0.002) and vision problems (p<0.001). Older adults in urban areas had lower averages in the physical (p<0.001), psychological (p<0.001) and social (p<0.001) domains, aspects of autonomy (p<0.001), activities in the past, present and future (p<0.001), social participation (p<0.001) and intimacy (p<0.001).Older adults living in rural areas showed lower scores on aspects of the functioning of the senses (p<0.001) and death and dying (p<0.001).  Conclusions. It is necessary for health professionals to promote the monitoring of the elderly, taking into account the conditions of the location where they live.

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Published

2015-04-01

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
dos Santos Tavares DM, Oliveira Barreto G, Aparecida Dias F, Sousa Pegorari M, Fernandes Martins NP, dos Santos Ferreira PC. Differences in the indicators of quality of life for older adults with hypertension living in urban and rural areas of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2015 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];32(1):58-65. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1575

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