Evaluation of food and nutrition security in families in the district of Los Morochucos in Ayacucho, Peru

Authors

  • Susan Pillaca Escuela de Posgrado. Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. Lima, Peru.
  • María Villanueva Escuela de Posgrado. Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina. Lima, Peru.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2015.321.1577

Keywords:

Food security, Malnutrition, Hand disinfection, Breast feeding, Anemia

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate food and nutrition security in families of Los Morochucos district in Ayacucho, Peru. Materials and methods. A study based on interpretation of available information from official sources and surveys carried out to gather information not recorded in these sources. Sampling was stratified and two-staged comprising 128 families with at least one child under 12 years. The variables were the level of food security, family perception of their situation of availability of and access to food, exclusive breastfeeding, feeding during episodes of diarrhea, frequency of food consumption, consumption of safe water, hand washing, proper toilets, stable food supply, nutrition and health status, chronic malnutrition, anemia and parasitic infections in children aged 6 months to three years. Results. 39.1% of families had food security, 37.5% were food insecure without hunger, 18.8% had food insecurity with hunger, and 4.7% had food insecurity with severe hunger. They had acceptable calorie intake, but did not have a balanced diet. There was no chlorinated water. During the episodes of diarrhea, 72% of mothers fed the child with mate (tea) or broth. A great quantity of their crops were lost in 2011. Of children 6 months to three years, 34.5% presented chronic malnutrition, 42.4% had anemia and 61.6% had parasites. Conclusions. Food and nutrition insecurity in this district of Ayacucho is considerable and there should be prioritization of the implementation of investment projects with the aim of contributing to the development of the community

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Published

2015-04-01

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Pillaca S, Villanueva M. Evaluation of food and nutrition security in families in the district of Los Morochucos in Ayacucho, Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2015 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];32(1):73-9. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1577

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