Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in elderly residing in peruvian households

Authors

  • Carolina Tarqui-Mamani Centro Nacional de Alimentacion y Nutricion, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Peru. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Publica, Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Peru.
  • José Sanchez-Abanto Centro Nacional de Alimentacion y Nutricion, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Peru.
  • Doris Alvarez-Dongo Centro Nacional de Alimentacion y Nutricion, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Peru.
  • Paula Espinoza-Oriundo Centro Nacional de Alimentacion y Nutricion, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Peru.
  • Teresa Jordan-Lechuga Centro Nacional de Alimentacion y Nutricion, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Peru.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2015.324.1759

Keywords:

Elderly, Anemia, Thinness, Overweight, Obesity

Abstract

Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of anemia and associated factors in elderly residing in Peruvian households. Materials and methods. the study deals with a cross-sectional design and was conducted in 2011. The sample was probabilistic, stratified and multistage independent in department of Peru. The required sample housing was 5792, we included 2172 elderly. We asked informed consent of all elderly. The anemia was defined as hemoglobin <13.0 g / dL in men and <12.0 g / dL in women, hemoglobin was adjusted for altitude. The anthropometric measurements were performed according to methodology
MINSA/INS. The Nutritional status was assessed by body mass index. The classification of nutritional status: underweight (BMI≤23,0) (BMI>23 to <28), overweight (BMI≥28 to <32.0) and obesity (BMI≥32). Statistical analysis was performed using complex samples and adjusted by the weighting factor. We Calculated means, proportions. The chi-square and regression logistic. Results. The mean hemoglobin was 13.4 ± 1.6 g / dL. The prevalence of anemia was 23,3% (mild anemia 17.1%, moderate: severe 5,7% and 0,5%). The age 70 to 79 years (OR 1.5; CI 95%:1.1; 2.0),> 80 years (OR 2.1; CI 95%: 1.4; 3.0) and thinness (OR 1.7; CI 95%: 1.2, 2.3) associated with anemia. Ayacucho, Ancash, Lambayeque and Apurimac were the departments with the highest prevalence of anemia. Conclusions. Approximately one quarter of elderly were anemic, being more prevalent in the illiterate, rural and poor. Older age and thinness are associated with anemia in elderly Peruvians.

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Published

2015-12-05

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Tarqui-Mamani C, Sanchez-Abanto J, Alvarez-Dongo D, Espinoza-Oriundo P, Jordan-Lechuga T. Prevalence of anemia and associated factors in elderly residing in peruvian households. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 5 [cited 2024 May 25];32(4):687-92. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1759

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