Risk factors for arterial hypertension in the adult population of an urban region of Ecuador

Authors

  • Rina Elizabeth Ortiz-Benavides Universidad Católica de Cuenca. Facultad de Psicología Clínica. Cuenca. Provincia del Azuay. República del Ecuador
  • Maritza Torres-Valdez Ministerio de Salud Pública, Centro de Salud El Vale, Ciudad de Cuenca, Provincia del Azuay, República del Ecuador
  • Wilson Sigüencia-Cruz Ministerio de Salud Pública, Centro de Salud El Vale, Ciudad de Cuenca, Provincia del Azuay, República del Ecuador
  • Roberto Añez-Ramos Centro de Investigaciones Endocrino - Metabólicas - “Dr. Félix Gómez”. Facultad de Medicina. La Universidad del Zulia. Maracaibo, Venezuela
  • Juan Salazar-Vílchez Centro de Investigaciones Endocrino - Metabólicas - “Dr. Félix Gómez”. Facultad de Medicina. La Universidad del Zulia. Maracaibo, Venezuela
  • Joselyn Rojas-Quintero Centro de Investigaciones Endocrino - Metabólicas - “Dr. Félix Gómez”. Facultad de Medicina. La Universidad del Zulia. Maracaibo, Venezuela
  • Valmore Bermúdez-Pirela Centro de Investigaciones Endocrino - Metabólicas - “Dr. Félix Gómez”. Facultad de Medicina. La Universidad del Zulia. Maracaibo, Venezuela

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2016.332.2214

Keywords:

Hypertension, Obesity, Risk factor, Food consumption, Heredity

Abstract

Objectives. To determine the risk factors for arterial hypertension (HTN) in the adult resident population of the city of Cuenca, Ecuador. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional analytical study of adults selected via multistage random sampling who underwent clinical, anthropometric, and laboratory evaluations. The diagnosis of HTN was defined according to the JNC-7 criteria. A multiple logistic regression model was performed. Results. A total of 318 persons were included. The prevalence of HTN was 25.8% (males: 27.2% vs. females: 24.7%; p = 0.617). In the multiple logistic regression model, the risk factors for HTN were age > 60 years (OR, 8.68; 95% CI, 3.56–21.14; p < 0.001), obesity according to body mass index (OR, 2.36; 95% CI, 1.04–5.70; p = 0.042), high caloric intake (OR, 2.06; 95% CI, 1.01– 4.53; p = 0.044), and family history of HTN (OR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.02–2.90; p = 0.040). Conclusions. The presence of HTN in this population is associated with both intrinsic and environmental factors, which should be considered in routine evaluations to ensure its early identification and control.

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Published

2016-06-03

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Ortiz-Benavides RE, Torres-Valdez M, Sigüencia-Cruz W, Añez-Ramos R, Salazar-Vílchez J, Rojas-Quintero J, et al. Risk factors for arterial hypertension in the adult population of an urban region of Ecuador. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2016 Jun. 3 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];33(2):248-55. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/2214

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