Effect of the industrial nanoparticles TiO2, SiO2 and ZnO on cell viability and gene expression in red bone marrow of Mus musculus
Keywords:Nanoparticles, Interleukins, Genic expression, Mus musculus
AbstractObjectives. To evaluate the effect of ZnO, TiO2 and SiO2 nanoparticles on cell viability and expression of the interleukin 7, interleukin 3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) genes in Mus musculus. Materials and methods. Red bone marrow was extracted from five Balb/c mice for the analysis of cell viability using the MTT test. The mice were divided into two groups of five each: one group was inoculated intraperitoneally with 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, and 10 mg/kg of ZnO and SiO2 nanoparticles, respectively, and the other group was inoculated with 5.0, 10.0, 15.0, 20.0, and 25 mg/kg of TiO2 nanoparticles, respectively. Thirty hours later, RNA was extracted from the red bone marrow of the mice in both groups for gene expression analysis using quantitative PCR and RT-PCR. Results. ZnO and SiO2 nanoparticles reduced cell viability in a dose-dependent manner by 37% and 26%, respectively, starting at a dose of 1 mg/kg. TiO2 nanoparticles at 5 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg reduced the gene expression of interleukins 7 and 3 by 55.3% and 70.2%, respectively, and SiO2 nanoparticles caused the greatest decrease (91%) in the expression of GM-CSF. ZnO nanoparticles reduced the expression of GM-CSF starting at doses of 20 mg/kg and 25 mg/kg. Conclusions: ZnO, SiO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles affect cell viability and gene expression in the mouse bone marrow.
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Zarria-Romero J, Osorio A, Pino J, Shiga B, Vivas-Ruiz D. Effect of the industrial nanoparticles TiO2, SiO2 and ZnO on cell viability and gene expression in red bone marrow of Mus musculus. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [nternet]. 2017 Sep. 11 [cited 2023 Mar. 28];34(3):436-44. vailable from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/2425