Assessment of the nutritional status, physical activity, and eating habits of schoolchildren in Cercado de Lima

Authors

  • Juan Pablo Aparco Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Departamento Académico de Nutrición, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Nutricionista
  • William Bautista-Olórtegui Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Nutricionista
  • Laura Astete-Robilliard Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Escuela de Nutrición, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas. Lima, Perú. Nutricionista. magíster en Nutrición Pública.
  • Jenny Pillaca Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. estadística

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2016.334.2545

Keywords:

Childhood obesity, School children, Physical activity, Food consumption

Abstract

Objectives. To assess the nutritional status, physical activity, and eating habits of schoolchildren in Cercado de Lima (Lima district). Materials and methods. Cross-sectional descriptive study. The sample included schoolchildren from first to fourth grade in four public elementary schools located in Cercado de Lima. The study variables were nutritional status,
hemoglobin dose, physical activity, and eating habits. The percentages of the qualitative variables and central tendency measures for quantitative ones were calculated. The t-test and chi-squared test were applied to analyze differences between both genders. Results. Of 824 schoolchildren included in the study, 24% were obese, 22% were overweight, 5% had short stature, and 11.9% had anemia; in all instances, there were no substantial gender differences. More than 40% of schoolchildren would eat crackers and drink packaged juice and/or soda two or more times a week. In addition, 28% of schoolchildren were inactive; there were significant differences in both genders (P<0.05). Conclusions. Obesity is an ongoing problem with higher rates than overweight and, together, the aforementioned problems affect almost 50% of schoolchildren surveyed. Similarly, the study revealed patterns associated with a sedentary lifestyle and frequent consumption of foods with high levels of sugar, salt, and/or fats.

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Published

2016-12-13

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Aparco JP, Bautista-Olórtegui W, Astete-Robilliard L, Pillaca J. Assessment of the nutritional status, physical activity, and eating habits of schoolchildren in Cercado de Lima. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2016 Dec. 13 [cited 2024 May 21];33(4):633-9. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/2545

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