Frequency of metabolic syndrome in residents of an andean region in Peru

Authors

  • Juana Aurelia Ninatanta-Ortiz Escuela Académico Profesional de Enfermería, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca. Cajamarca, Perú. Enfermera, doctora en Ciencias de Enfermería.
  • Luz Amparo Núñez-Zambrano Escuela Académico Profesional de Enfermería, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca. Cajamarca, Perú. enfermera, magíster en Promoción y Educación para la Salud.
  • Segunda Aydeé García-Flores Escuela Académico Profesional de Enfermería, Facultad Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Nacional de Cajamarca. Cajamarca, Perú. enfermera, magíster en Salud Pública.
  • Franco Romaní Romaní Oficina General de Investigación y Transferencia Tecnológica, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. médico cirujano

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2016.334.2546

Keywords:

Metabolic syndrome X, Students, Mothers, Peru

Abstract

Objectives. To calculate the frequency of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its associated characteristics in selected populations residing in the urban areas of two districts in the Cajamarca region. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study performed in 2014, obtaining randomized samples from three target study populations: high school students, university students, and schoolchildren mothers. In adults, MetS was defined by means of Third Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) criteria, and in teenagers, the modified Cook criteria were used. A structured survey on healthy practices and unhealthy habits was implemented. MetS estimations were carried out for each study population, and stratified by sex. A bivariate analysis was performed to identify MetS-related characteristics. Results. We enrolled 1,427 participants (586 high school students, 305 university students, and 536 schoolchildren mothers) The estimated frequency of MetS in high school students was 3.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.7-4.8%), 1.6% (95% CI = 0.5-3.8%) in university students, and 23.5% (95% CI = 19.8-27.2%) in mothers. The most prevalent components were low HDL levels (37.0%, 60.5%, and 72.4%) and hypertriglyceridemia (46.4%, 29.9% and 38.4%), in high school students, university students, and mothers, respectively. Conclusions. MetS frequency was higher in the mothers of schoolchildren (adult women). The MetS phenotype profile in adult women was characterized by an elevated frequency of abdominal obesity and dyslipidemia (hypertriglyceridemia and low HDL cholesterol), while dyslipidemia was prevalent in teenagers and university students.

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Published

2016-12-13

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Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Ninatanta-Ortiz JA, Núñez-Zambrano LA, García-Flores SA, Romaní Romaní F. Frequency of metabolic syndrome in residents of an andean region in Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2016 Dec. 13 [cited 2024 Apr. 17];33(4):640-5. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/2546

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