Criminal claims about medical professional liability in the Instituto de Medicina Legal of Lima, Peru

Authors

  • Cleyber Navarro-Sandoval Instituto de Medicina Legal. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas. Lima, Perú. Médico especialista en Medicina legal.
  • Shermani Arones-Guevara Gerencia de Criminalística, Instituto de Medicina Legal. Lima, Perú. Médico especialista en Medicina legal.
  • Rosa Carrera-Palao Escuela del Ministerio Público. Lima, Perú. Médico especialista en Medicina legal. médico especialista en anatomía patológica.
  • Kelly Casana-Jar Instituto de Medicina Legal. Lima, Perú. médico cirujano.
  • Tomasa Colque-Jaliri Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Privada Norbert Wiener. Lima, Perú. licenciada en enfermería.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2013.303.275

Keywords:

Liability, legal, Contractual liability, Malpractice, Negligence, Forensic medicine

Abstract

Objectives.To determine the characteristics of the criminal complaints claining medical professional liability, based on the expert reports issued by the Forensic Examination Division of Lima, Peru. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional study was carried out, which included all the expert reports issued between 2005 and 2010 at the Forensic Examination Division of Lima, Peru. A descriptive analysis of each of the variables was performed. Results. 60.3% (495/821) of the criminal complaints for medical professional liability were valued as being in accordance with the lex artis while16.8% (138/821) were not in accordance with the lex artis. In 13% (107/821) of the cases, conclusions could not be drawn;in 9.9% (81/821) of the cases, the conclusions in the expert report did not include an valuations of the medical act.The cases in which the injury was attributed to the process of the disease itself accounted for 80.9% (502/620), and those in which in the injury was considered a result of the health care received were 19.0% (118/620). The distribution of the cause of the injury based on accordance with the lex artis showed significant differences. Conclusions. In our country, the number of claims for claimed medical liability is increasing, predominantly in relation to surgical specialties, where a medical act is more likely to be considered not in accordance with the lex artis. In addition, in a significant percentage of cases, no conclusions are drawn about the medical act.

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Published

2014-03-11

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Navarro-Sandoval C, Arones-Guevara S, Carrera-Palao R, Casana-Jar K, Colque-Jaliri T. Criminal claims about medical professional liability in the Instituto de Medicina Legal of Lima, Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Mar. 11 [cited 2024 Jun. 12];30(3). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/275

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