Orthopathy in 19th century Peru: Sebastián Lorente and the catechism of hygiene

Authors

  • Oswaldo Salaverry Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano; doctor en Medicina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2017.341.2776

Keywords:

Hygiene, Public health practice, History of medicine

Abstract

Orthopathy appeared in Peru in the 19th century in various guises and different spheres that transcended the activities of doctors. Sebastián Lorente, a doctor and educator, promoted hygiene education for schoolchildren through the publication of a Catechism of Hygiene, which went through multiple editions in the second half of the century. The structure and content of the Catechism is linked to European medical traditions such as the miasmatic interpretation of diseases, but also to local traditions like the medical topography of Hipólito Unanue, both of which had a vision of imposing “healthy”behaviors on the population, which assimilated the work of Johann Peter Frank.

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Published

2017-03-23

Issue

Section

Public Health History

How to Cite

1.
Salaverry O. Orthopathy in 19th century Peru: Sebastián Lorente and the catechism of hygiene. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2017 Mar. 23 [cited 2024 May 25];34(1):139-44. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/2776

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