Overweight and obesity: prevalence and determining social factors of overweight in the peruvian population (2009-2010)

Authors

  • Doris Álvarez-Dongo Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Nutricionista.
  • José Sánchez-Abanto Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. nutricionista magíster en nutrición.
  • Guillermo Gómez-Guizado Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. médico.
  • Carolina Tarqui-Mamani Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Departamento de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. obstetriz magíster en Epidemiología con especialidad en Estadística.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2012.293.362

Keywords:

Obesity, Overweight, Malnutrition, Epidemiology, Nutritional status

Abstract

Objectives. Estimate the prevalence of overweight, obesity and the determining social factors of overweight in the Peruvian population. Materials and methods. A cross-cut study was conducted which included family members from homes in the sample of the National Household Survey, 2009-2010. Stratified random and multistage sampling was used. The sample included 69 526 members; the anthropometric measurements were done based on the international methodology. To evaluate overweight and obesity, weight-for-height (children <5 years), BMI for age (children and teenagers from 5 to 19 years old), and BMI for adults were used. An analysis of complex samples was made in SPSS and the weighting factor was adjusted. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression were calculated with a 95% confidence interval. Results. Overweight and obesity were higher in young adults (62.3%) and lower in children <5 years old (8.2%). The determining social factors for overweight according to age group were: not being poor (child <5 years old, children 5-9 years old, teenagers and the elderly), living in urban areas (child <5 years old, teenagers, young adults, adults and the elderly) and being a woman (children 5-9 years old, adults and the elderly). Conclusions. Overweigh and obesity are indeed a public health issue in Peru. Not being poor and living in urban areas are determining social factors of overweight among Peruvian people.

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Published

2014-01-31

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Álvarez-Dongo D, Sánchez-Abanto J, Gómez-Guizado G, Tarqui-Mamani C. Overweight and obesity: prevalence and determining social factors of overweight in the peruvian population (2009-2010). Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Jan. 31 [cited 2024 May 23];29(3). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/362

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