Transition in context: findings related to rural-to-urban migration and chronic non-communicable diseases in Peru

Authors

  • J. Jaime Miranda CRONICAS Centro de Excelencia en Enfermedades Crónicas, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina “Alberto Hurtado”, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico magíster y doctor en Epidemiología.
  • Jonathan C. K. Wells Childhood Nutrition Research Centre, UCL Institute of Child Health. Londres, Reino Unido. antropólogo doctor en Filosofía.
  • Liam Smeeth Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Londres, Reino Unido. Médico magíster y doctor en Epidemiología.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2012.293.371

Keywords:

Chronic disease, Health transition, Nutritional transition, Overweight, Obesity, Migration, Internal migration, Developing countries

Abstract

In order to better understand the emergence of chronic non-communicable diseases in low- and middle-income countries this article seeks to present, in context, different transitional processes which societies and populations are currently undergoing. Relevant factors for specific contexts such as Peru are described, including internal migration, urbanization and profiles of adversity in early life, all of them linked to chronic non-communicable diseases, including obesity and overweight. The capacity-load model, which considers chronic disease risk in adulthood as a function of two generic traits, metabolic capacity and metabolic load, is described. The contribution of rural-to-urban migration to this problem is also presented. Finally, these topics are framed within pending challenges for public health in Peru.

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Published

2014-02-03

Issue

Section

Symposium

How to Cite

1.
Miranda JJ, Wells JCK, Smeeth L. Transition in context: findings related to rural-to-urban migration and chronic non-communicable diseases in Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Feb. 3 [cited 2024 May 25];29(3). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/371

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