Social participation, a factor to consider in the clinical evaluation of the older adult: A narrative review

Authors

  • Walter Sepúlveda-Loyola Program of Masters and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Parana (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil. Grupo de Estudo de Envelecimento (GEE), Londrina State University (UEL), Londrina, Brazil. Kinesiólogo, Magister y Candidato a Doctor en Ciencias de la Rehabilitación
  • Rosielma Dos Santos Lopes Program of Laws, University Center Philadelphia (UNIFIL), Londrina, Brazil. Abogada, Especialista en Derecho Penal, estudiante de Magister en Derecho Negocial
  • Renata Pires Tricanico Maciel Program of Masters and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Parana (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil. Grupo de Estudo de Envelecimento (GEE), Londrina State University (UEL), Londrina, Brazil. Fisioterapeuta, estudiante de Magister em Ciencias de la Rehabilitación
  • Vanessa Suziane Probst Program of Masters and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Parana (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil. Grupo de Estudo de Envelecimento (GEE), Londrina State University (UEL), Londrina, Brazil. Fisioterapeuta, Magister y Doctor en ciencias de la Rehabilitación y Fisioterapia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2020.372.4518

Keywords:

Social Participation, Aging, Functionality, Health

Abstract

Social participation is defined as the integration of people into community activities in voluntary or mandatory, formal and informal social groups, which could have consequences concerning the health of the older population. A search was conducted on Pubmed, Scielo, Scopus and Google Scholar. For this review, 16 articles studying the impact of social participation on older adults were analyzed, including a total of 73,698,096 individuals from North America, Asia, Europe, and Latin America. Social participation is considered a protective factor for the mental and physical health of older adults, which has been associated with decreases in disability, co-morbidities, and mortality. For this reason, it is suggested that it should be evaluated in clinical practice. This would make it possible to orient and refer older adults to participate in certain community organizations, mainly those who do not have support networks, who are not linked to community groups, who have symptoms of depression or who are beginning to show physical or cognitive deterioration. In this way, public health could increase its prevention and health promotion actions through community organizations. On the other hand, the lack of instruments and consensus to evaluate social participation was discussed in this review where a questionnaire to evaluate the social participation of the older adult has been proposed to be validated and studied in the future.

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Author Biographies

  • Walter Sepúlveda-Loyola, Program of Masters and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Parana (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil. Grupo de Estudo de Envelecimento (GEE), Londrina State University (UEL), Londrina, Brazil. Kinesiólogo, Magister y Candidato a Doctor en Ciencias de la Rehabilitación
    Walter Sepulveda Loyola, MsSc, PhD's student; is a Kinesiologyst / Physiotherapist with a research interest in the mechanisms of age-related muscle mass loss, sarcopenia, frailty, exercise and social participation in older people. His initial training included Rehabilitation with older people at Catholic University of Maule (Chile) and clinical internship as physiotherapist at Del Rosario University (Colombia). Subsequently, he received a scholarship from the Organization of American States and PAHO / WHO, obtained his Master's degree in Sciences in Rehabilitation at Londrina State University (Brazil) with a thesis entitled 'Oxidative stress correlates with clinical measurements of sarcopenia in COPD' under the supervision of PhD Vanessa Probst between 2016 and February 2018. March 2018 he starts to study a PhD at Londrina State University (Brazil). In that year, performed a visiting research fellow at the Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science (AIMSS) from the University of Melbourne (Australia). His research interests include the mechanisms of age-related muscle mass loss, oxidative tress and inflammatory biomarkers, sarcopenia, frailty, exercise and social participation in older people.
  • Rosielma Dos Santos Lopes, Program of Laws, University Center Philadelphia (UNIFIL), Londrina, Brazil. Abogada, Especialista en Derecho Penal, estudiante de Magister en Derecho Negocial
    Mestranda em Resolução de Conflitos pela Universidad Europeia del Atlântico (Madri). Possui graduação em Direito pelo Centro Universitário Filadélfia (2013). Especialização em Direito Penal; Processo Penal; Execução Penal e Criminologia; Medicina Legal e Perícias Criminais.Professora de EAD Do Curso de Serviços Jurídicos da UNIFIL Disciplina Processo Penal I e Penal II. Professora Colaboradora e Coordenadora Adjunta do Projeto Restaurando Londrina - Grupo Prevenção à Violência da Mulher.Advogada.
  • Renata Pires Tricanico Maciel, Program of Masters and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Parana (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil. Grupo de Estudo de Envelecimento (GEE), Londrina State University (UEL), Londrina, Brazil. Fisioterapeuta, estudiante de Magister em Ciencias de la Rehabilitación
    Possui graduação em Fisioterapia - Faculdades Integradas da União Educacional do Planalto Central (2013). Especialista em Fisioterapia Pediátrica e Neonatal na Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Goiás. Desenvolveu pesquisa na área de Ventilação de Alta Frequência. Mestranda no programa Ciências da Reabilitação na Universidade Estadual de Londrina. Tem experiência na área de Fisioterapia Pediátrica e Neonatal em UTI e atendimento em domicílio
  • Vanessa Suziane Probst, Program of Masters and Doctoral degree in Rehabilitation Sciences, Londrina State University (UEL) and University North of Parana (UNOPAR), Londrina, Brazil. Grupo de Estudo de Envelecimento (GEE), Londrina State University (UEL), Londrina, Brazil. Fisioterapeuta, Magister y Doctor en ciencias de la Rehabilitación y Fisioterapia
    Graduation in Physiotherapy at Londrina State University (1999), Masters in Physiotherapy at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium (2003), PhD in Rehabilitation Sciences and Physiotherapy , at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium (2005). She was a Fellow of the CNPq - Postdoctoral Junior (PDJ), developing the research at the Londrina State University (2006-2007). She is currently a Research Productivity Fellow from CNPq, Adjunct Professor C at Londrina State University (UEL), coordinator and supervisor of the UEL-UNOPAR Masters and PhD Program in Rehabilitation Sciences (40002012042P4). Experienced in the area of Cardiorespiratory Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Pulmonary Rehabilitation, Exercise Capacity and Aging.

Published

2020-06-12

Issue

Section

Review

How to Cite

1.
Sepúlveda-Loyola W, Dos Santos Lopes R, Pires Tricanico Maciel R, Suziane Probst V. Social participation, a factor to consider in the clinical evaluation of the older adult: A narrative review. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2020 Jun. 12 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];37(2):341-9. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/4518

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