Herpes simplex virus type 2 encephalitis in a healthy adult patient: an unusual case

Authors

  • Laryssa Alves-de Farias Universidad Católica de Pernambuco (UNICAP), Recife, Brasil. Médica cirujana
  • Daiana Galvão-Silva Universidad de Uberaba (UNIUBE), Minas Gerais, Brasil. Médica cirujana
  • Cecilia Reyes-Cancino Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú. Médica cirujana
  • Germán Málaga Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú. Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú. médico internista, magister en medicina.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2020.373.4752

Keywords:

Encephalitis, Herpes Simplex, Adults

Abstract

Neurological infection by herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is the cause of significant morbidity and mortality; and should be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible. Typically, it is characterized by fever, headache and behavioral changes. Symptoms association, laboratory tests results and diagnostic imaging are essential for early diagnosis and treatment of this disease, in order to prevent its fatal progression. We present the case of a 45-year-old male patient diagnosed with HSV-2 encephalitis due to chronic steroid use. In previously healthy adult patients, neurological HSV-2 infection due to chronic steroid use is extremely rare; and the association has not been previously described.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • Germán Málaga, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú. Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú. médico internista, magister en medicina.

    Profesor Principal, Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

    Asistente del servicio de Medicina, Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia

    Investigador CONEVID, Universidad Peruana cayetano Heredia

    Investigador CRONICAS, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

    Director del Centro de Estudios Clinicos, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

Published

2020-07-28

Issue

Section

Case Report

How to Cite

1.
Alves-de Farias L, Galvão-Silva D, Reyes-Cancino C, Málaga G. Herpes simplex virus type 2 encephalitis in a healthy adult patient: an unusual case. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2020 Jul. 28 [cited 2024 May 23];37(3):566-70. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/4752

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>