Factors associated with attitudes towards violence in schoolchildren from marginal urban areas of Metropolitan Lima, 2019

Authors

  • Jhon Alex Zeladita-Huaman Departamento Académico de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. Licenciado/a en Enfermería; maestro de Gestión en Salud http://orcid.org/0000-0002-5419-5793
  • Iván Montes-Iturrizaga Escuela de Posgrado, Universidad María Auxiliadora, Lima, Perú. licenciado en Psicología, doctor en Ciencias de la Educación. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9411-4716
  • Gladys Ivonne Moran-Paredes Facultad de Ciencias Empresariales, Universidad María Auxiliadora, Lima, Perú. Ingeniera Industrial, doctora en Administración de Empresas. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9618-5593
  • Roberto Zegarra-Chapoñan Departamento Académico de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. Licenciado/a en Enfermería magíster en Gestión Pública http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0471-9413
  • Juana Matilde Cuba-Sancho Departamento Académico de Enfermería, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. Licenciado/a en Enfermería magíster en Enfermería con mención en Docencia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9803-1571
  • Juan Pablo Aparco Departamento Académico de Nutrición, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú. licenciado en Nutrición, magíster en Nutrición Pública. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9159-7997

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2020.374.5154

Keywords:

Attitude, Bullying, Adolescent, Students

Abstract

Objective: To identify factors associated with attitudes towards violence (ATV) in schoolchildren from public educational institutions (EI) located in marginal urban areas of Metropolitan Lima in 2019. Materials and methods: Observational, descriptive and transversal study. The sample was made up of adolescents from 10 mixed-gender EIs enrolled between the sixth grade of primary school and the third year of secondary school. The questionnaire of attitudes towards violence (CAHV-25) was used. During the bivariate analysis, the Spearman Correlation Coefficient, the Mann-Whitney U test and the Kruskal- Wallis H test with Dunn’s post-hoc adjusted by Bonferroni were used. To determine the associated factors, multivariate analysis was performed using negative binomial regression model. Results: 45.1% of the schoolchildren were female and 87.3% received information on school bullying. In the bivariate analysis, statistically significant differences were found between the ATV scores and age (p = 0.003), sex (p < 0.001), having a social network account (p = 0.009) and year of study (p < 0.001); however, in the multivariate model, the factors associated with the total ATV scores were age (p = 0.012) and sex (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The factors associated with ATV in schoolchildren from public EIs were age and sex, these findings would indicate the need to consider the gender perspective in the analysis of school violence and differentiate interventions according to age.

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Published

2020-11-03

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Zeladita-Huaman JA, Montes-Iturrizaga I, Moran-Paredes GI, Zegarra-Chapoñan R, Cuba-Sancho JM, Aparco JP. Factors associated with attitudes towards violence in schoolchildren from marginal urban areas of Metropolitan Lima, 2019. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2020 Nov. 3 [cited 2024 May 25];37(4):627-35. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/5154

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