Prevalence and factors associated with the intention to vaccinate against COVID-19 in Peru
Keywords:COVID-19, SARS-Co-V2, COVID-19 Vaccines, Vaccination, Vaccination Refusal, Peru
AbstractObjectives: To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with COVID-19 vaccination intention (VI) in Peru. Materials and methods: Analytical cross-sectional study using the survey conducted by the University of Maryland, USA, on Facebook. The dependent variable is VI. Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR) were calculated, with their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) using generalized linear models of the Poisson family, to evaluate the association of sociodemographic variables, compliance with community mitigation strategies, symptoms of COVID-19, mental health and acceptance of vaccination before the recommendation (AVR) by various actors and health authorities, with the ITV. Results: Data from 17,162 adults were analyzed. The overall prevalence of VI was 74.9%. A lower prevalence of VI was associated with the female sex (PR=0.95; 95%CI:0.94-0.97), living in a town (PR=0.95; 95%CI:0.91-0.99) or village or other rural area (PR=0.90; 95%CI:0.86-0.93) and the AVR of politicians (PR=0.89; 95%CI:0.87-0.92). Conversely, having COVID-19 symptoms (PR=1.06; 95%CI:1.03-1.09), economic insecurity (PR=1.04; 95%CI:1.01-1.06), fears of becoming seriously ill or that a family member becomes seriously ill from COVID-19 (PR=1.49; 95%CI:1.36-1.64) and the AVR of family and friends (PR=1.10; 95%CI: 1.08-1.12), healthcare workers (PR=1.29; 95%CI: 1.26-1.32), World Health Organization (PR=1.34; 95%CI: 1.29-1.40) and government officials (PR=1.18; 95%CI: 1.15-1.22) was associated with a higher prevalence of VI. Conclusions: Three-quarters of the respondents had VI. There are potentially modifiable factors that could improve vaccine acceptance.
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