Prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in school students, university tudents, and women from community-based organizations in the districts of Lima, Callao, la Libertad and Arequipa, Peru 2011

Authors

  • Eloísa Núñez-Robles Agencia Adventista para el Desarrollo y Recursos Asistenciales (ADRA Perú). Lima, Perú.
  • Cleopatra Huapaya-Pizarro Agencia Adventista para el Desarrollo y Recursos Asistenciales (ADRA Perú). Lima, Perú.
  • Rogger Torres-Lao Agencia Adventista para el Desarrollo y Recursos Asistenciales (ADRA Perú). Lima, Perú.
  • Silvia Esquivel-León Agencia Adventista para el Desarrollo y Recursos Asistenciales (ADRA Perú). Lima, Perú.
  • Víctor Suarez-Moreno Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú.
  • Myriam Yasuda-Espinoza Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú.
  • Giovanna Sanjinés-López Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2014.314.114

Keywords:

Hypertension, Diabetes mellitus, Dyslipidemias, Obesity, Cardiovascular diseases

Abstract

Objectives. To determine the prevalence of arterial hypertension, and cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in school students, college students and women from community-based organizations (CBO) in four districts in Peru. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study conducted in 2011 in the districts of Lima, Callao, La Libertad and Arequipa with school students, university students and women from CBOs. A survey, anthropometric measurements, blood pressure measurements and fasting blood sampling were conducted to determine glucose and lipid levels. Thus, prevalence of overweight, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, suspected diabetes, and other variables, were calculated. The main outcome variable was prevalence of overweight. Results. 1,127 people were included: 283 (25.1%) school students, 431 (38.3%) university students, and 413 women (36.6%) from CBOs. Non-response rates were 3%, 0% and 8%, respectively. The average ages in the three groups were 14.3 ± 0.9; 19.6 ± 2.8; and 46.1 ± 15.3 years, respectively. Prevalence of overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 25) was 11.3%, 20.9%, and 73.4%; hypertension was 0.7%; 1.2%, and 12.8%; high cholesterol (≥ 200 mg/dL) was 5.2%, 11.5%, and 50.1%; and suspected diabetes was 1.4%; 1.0%, and 20.3% respectively in each group of school students, university students and women from CBOs. Conclusions. The prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors generally increased in older age groups. In school and university aged groups, the most frequent problems were overweight and obesity, particularly abdominal obesity.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Published

2014-12-01

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Núñez-Robles E, Huapaya-Pizarro C, Torres-Lao R, Esquivel-León S, Suarez-Moreno V, Yasuda-Espinoza M, et al. Prevalence of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in school students, university tudents, and women from community-based organizations in the districts of Lima, Callao, la Libertad and Arequipa, Peru 2011. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Dec. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 14];31(4). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/114

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 > >>