Comparison of four phenotypic methods to detect extended-spectrum betalactamases

Authors

  • Lizet Lezameta Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Tecnólogo Médico.
  • Edgar Gonzáles-Escalante Istituto Nacional de Salud del Niño. Lima, Perú. Tecnólogo Médico.
  • Jesús H. Tamariz Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Biólogo. Magíster en Microbiología. Candidato a Doctor en Ciencias.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2010.273.1491

Keywords:

Beta-Lactamases, Drug resistance, microbial, Diagnostic techniques and procedure, Cephalosponins, Pediatrics

Abstract

Objective. To compare the efficacy of four phenotypic methods for the identification of strains producing extended- spectrum β-lactamases isolated from urine cultures. Materials and methods. Comparative cross-sectional study. 147 strains isolated from positive urine cultures for Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Proteus mirabilis between January and f ebruary 2009 in the National Institute of Health of Children underwent a screening test, those which resulted positive were processed for confirmatory testing through the four phenotypic methods evaluated. Results. Out of the 147 strains, 43 (29.3%) were suspicious in the screening tests. Using the method described by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) as a reference standard for this study, 27 strains (62.8%) were positive, with similar results using Jarlier ́s method. On the other hand, using Hodge ́s and tridimensional methods 23 (53.5%) of samples were positive. The evaluation of the confirmation methods in comparison to the one described by CLSI, showed a sensitivity and specificity of 100% for Jarlier ́s method, on the other hand, for Hodge ́s and tridimensional methods we found a sensitivity of 85.2% and 100%, respectively. Conclusions. All the evaluated methods showed a high efficacy, without significant differences, so they could all be used according to the available facilities of each clinical laboratory. Nevertheless, due to its advantages besides the technical aspect, like costs, easiness and feasibility of its application, we recommend the use of Jarlier ́s method.

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Published

2010-09-28

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Lezameta L, Gonzáles-Escalante E, Tamariz JH. Comparison of four phenotypic methods to detect extended-spectrum betalactamases. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2010 Sep. 28 [cited 2024 Apr. 21];27(3). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1491