Socio-demographics characteristics and health conditions of older homeless persons of Lima, Peru

Authors

  • Marlene Moquillaza-Risco Programa Nacional Vida Digna (PNVD), Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables. Lima, Peru.
  • Elsa León Programa Nacional Vida Digna (PNVD), Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables. Lima, Peru.
  • Mario Dongo Programa Nacional Vida Digna (PNVD), Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables. Lima, Peru.
  • César V. Munayco Programa Nacional Vida Digna (PNVD), Ministerio de la Mujer y Poblaciones Vulnerables. Lima, Peru.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2015.324.1760

Keywords:

Elderly, Homeless person, Aging, Mild cognitive impairment

Abstract

Objectives. Determine the socio-demographics characteristics and health conditions of older homeless persons at the time of enrollment into the National Program “Vida Digna” and the probability of functional dependency by age, and stratified by gender and cognitive impairment. Materials ande methods. We performed a cross sectional study, reviewing all registration forms of the program in order to identify socio-demographic variables and health conditions of older homeless persons at the time of enrollment in the program. We did a descriptive analysis of the socio-demographic variables and we also determined the frequency of health conditions. Furthermore, we determined the probability of functional dependency by age, and stratified by gender and cognitive impairment through a logistic regression model. Results. The older homeless persons at the time of enrollment in the program were mostly single men, with a primary education or no education. The study subjects had a high frequency of chronic and mental diseases. 50% of them had certain level of functional impairment and roughly 70% had a certain level of cognitive impairment. The probability of functional dependency increased by age, and it was higher in women than in men. This probability increased according to the level of cognitive impairment. Conclusions. This study shows that older homeless persons are a vulnerable population not only because they live outdoors but also because they a have also for the high prevalence of chronic and mental diseases. These diseases prevent the homeless persons from living by themselves special care to overcome their situations.

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Published

2015-12-05

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Moquillaza-Risco M, León E, Dongo M, Munayco CV. Socio-demographics characteristics and health conditions of older homeless persons of Lima, Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 5 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];32(4):693-700. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1760

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