Differences in mobility, traffic accidents and associated circumstances in Guatemalan and Spanish university students

Authors

  • Sandra Rodríguez Guzmán Universidad de San Carlos. Guatemala.
  • Eladio Jiménez Mejías Universidad de Granada. España.
  • Virginia Martínez Ruiz Universidad de Granada. España.
  • Marta Cecilia Jaramillo Mejía Universidad Icesi. Colombia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2015.324.1763

Keywords:

Accidents, traffic, Risk-taking, Students, public health

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of involvement in risky driving circumstances between Guatemalan and Spanish university students and identify in both populations the differences between the involvement in such circumstances and road crashes. Materials and methods. A cross sectional study was conducted during the academic courses 2007 to 2011 on a sample of 2 130 drivers (1 016 in Guatemala and 1 114 in Spain), who completed a self-administered questionnaire that assessed: mobility patterns, use of safety devices, driving styles and involvement in road traffic crashes. Results: Furthermore, they were involved more frequently in almost all the risky-driving circumstances compared with Spanish students, principally in: mobile use (74.4 % versus 24.3 %), distraction (47.1 % versus 18.8 %) or not
using seatbelt (23.9% vs 5.9). Finally, the adjusted analysis yields an accident rate 4.8 times higher among Guatemalans (CI 95% 3.1-7.4). Conclusions: Considering the factors more frequently associated with suffer road traffic crashes dependent on human factor, it is noted physical and social factors as well as that the car-dependent issues, must play an important role
in the marked differences detected in both populations.

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Published

2015-12-05

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Rodríguez Guzmán S, Jiménez Mejías E, Martínez Ruiz V, Jaramillo Mejía MC. Differences in mobility, traffic accidents and associated circumstances in Guatemalan and Spanish university students. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 5 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];32(4):717-23. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1763

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