Mental health in older adults: major neurocognitive, affective, and sleep disorders

Authors

  • Tania Tello-Rodríguez Instituto de Gerontología, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú.
  • Renato D. Alarcón Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Mayo Clinic College of Medicine. Rochester. Minnesota, EE.UU.
  • Darwin Vizcarra-Escobar Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Hypnos, Instituto del Sueño, Clínica San Felipe. Lima, Perú.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2016.332.2211

Keywords:

Mental Health, Elderly, Neurocognitive disorders, Sleep disorders, Depression

Abstract

Numerous biological, psychological, and social factors influence the mental health of elderly individuals to varying degrees. Apart from components related to the normal aging process and the co-occurrence of various medical conditions, events such as the death of a loved one, retirement, or disability significantly contribute to a variety of mental and emotional problems in this stage of the life cycle. The most frequent problems affect the neurocognitive, emotional, and oneiric spheres. Major neurocognitive disorders reduce one’s overall performance and, thus, increase their need for close care. Affective disorders may be exacerbated by the lack of family support and decreased social interactions, which may lead to significant isolation result in suicidal behavior. The increased frequency of sleep disorders such as insomnia and daytime sleepiness and specific disorders such as obstructive apnea significantly alter the quality of life of this population.

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Published

2016-06-03

Issue

Section

Symposium

How to Cite

1.
Tello-Rodríguez T, Alarcón RD, Vizcarra-Escobar D. Mental health in older adults: major neurocognitive, affective, and sleep disorders. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2016 Jun. 3 [cited 2024 May 23];33(2):342-50. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/2211