Characteristics of patients with cerebral palsy seen in Neuropediatric external consultation in a Peruvian hospital

Authors

  • Judith R Vila Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano; neurólogo pediatra
  • Ivan O. Espinoza Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano; neurólogo pediatra; maestría en Epidemiología Clínica
  • Daniel Guillén Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano; neurólogo pediatra; doctor en medicina
  • Frine Samalvides Departamento de Medicina, Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano; especialista en enfermedades infecciosas y tropicales; maestría en Epidemiología Clínica

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2016.334.2557

Keywords:

Cerebral palsy, medical care, child, epilepsy, intellectual disability

Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the neurological consultation and baseline characteristics of children with cerebral palsy (CP). The clinical records of children with CP attending an external consultation of the Neuropediatric department of Hospital Nacional Cayetano Heredia between 2011 and 2012 were assessed in this retrospective descriptive study. A total of 81 children were included: 53.1% were boys. Spastic CP was the most frequent (72.8%), hypoxic-isquemic encephalopathy (28.1%) and cerebral malformations (28.1%) were the main causes in term newborn. The average age at the time of diagnosis was 4.1 ± 3.2 years; epilepsy was the most frequent reason for neuropediatric consultation, and 58% were admitted to the hospital at least once. The waiting period to be seen by a physical therapist was around 2 months (interquartile range = 0.8-9). We reached the conclusion that CP was delayed, and the waiting period to access specialized care was prolonged. Protocols and increased efficiency are required to provide adequate medical care to children with CP.

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Published

2016-12-13

Issue

Section

Brief Report

How to Cite

1.
Vila JR, Espinoza IO, Guillén D, Samalvides F. Characteristics of patients with cerebral palsy seen in Neuropediatric external consultation in a Peruvian hospital. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2016 Dec. 13 [cited 2024 Jun. 25];33(4):719-24. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/2557

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