Clinical characteristics and geriatric evaluation of elderly patients with pneumonia in a hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina

Authors

  • Martín Regueiro Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Hospital Carlos G. Durand. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Hospital Horacio Heller. Neuquén, Argentina. Médico especialista en geriatría.
  • Cecilia Homar Facultad de Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Nacional del Comahue. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Hospital Carlos G. Durand. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Médico especialista en geriatría.
  • Ricardo Ovejero Hospital Carlos G. Durand. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Médico especialista en geriatría.
  • Antonio Liu Hospital Carlos G. Durand. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Médico especialista en geriatría.
  • Tomás Pieroni Hospital Carlos G. Durand. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Médico especialista en geriatría.
  • Romina Basilico Hospital Carlos G. Durand. Buenos Aires, Argentina. Médico especialista en geriatría.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2013.303.279

Keywords:

Pneumonia, Aged, Etiology, Geriatrics

Abstract

In order to determine the clinical and geriatric characteristics of elderly adults with pneumonia in a hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina, a cross-sectional study was carried out in 2010, included 66 patients hospitalized for pneumonia. The mean age of the study subjects was 82, 54.5% of whom were men. 47.0% of the hospitalizations were due to community-acquired pneumonia. As for the functional evaluation, 31.8% showed dependence in performing basic activities of daily living and 69.4% presented dependence in instrumental activities of daily living. The most frequent clinical characteristics observed were fever, cough, dyspnea and expectoration. The causative agent of pneumonia was identified in 34.8% of the cases, 18 of which were bacterial (27.2%) and 5 viral (7.5%). The crude mortality rate was 28.8%, but was close to 50% in those patients having confusional syndrome. We conclude that pneumonia in elderly patients has special characteristics, which can be observed with a proper diagnostic and geriatric evaluation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Published

2014-03-11

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Regueiro M, Homar C, Ovejero R, Liu A, Pieroni T, Basilico R. Clinical characteristics and geriatric evaluation of elderly patients with pneumonia in a hospital in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Mar. 11 [cited 2024 May 27];30(3). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/279

Most read articles by the same author(s)