Knowledge of epidemiological risk indicators used in clinical trials among medical students in advanced years and medical residents

Authors

  • Alonso Zea-Vera Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano.
  • Carola Liendo-Caro Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano.
  • Lucía Luna-Carrillo Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano.
  • Yolanda Prevost-Ruiz Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. édico neonatólogo magíster en epidemiología.
  • Ana Castañeda-Guarderas Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. CONEVID. Unidad de Conocimiento y Evidencia, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano.
  • Germán Málaga Facultad de Medicina Alberto Hurtado, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. CONEVID. Unidad de Conocimiento y Evidencia, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. médico internista magíster en Medicina.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2012.292.344

Keywords:

Relative risk, Students, medical, Data interpretation, statistical, Education

Abstract

A cross-sectional study evaluated 182 students in the last two years of medical school and 70 residents of a national hospital in Peru on the risk indicators used for reporting results in clinical trials. A questionnaire was used to assess the ability to recognize and calculate risk indicators most widely used in the epidemiological literature. From the participants, 19.4% did not recognize any of the indicators and 81.4% was not able to calculate them. The relative risk reduction was the most recognized indicator (55.2%), followed by the number needed to treat (51.6%), the absolute risk reduction (26.6%), and the hazard ratio (9.5%). In conclusion, medical students in the last two years of school and medical residents do not recognize or are able to calculate properly the risk indicators used in clinical trials.

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Published

2014-01-31

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Zea-Vera A, Liendo-Caro C, Luna-Carrillo L, Prevost-Ruiz Y, Castañeda-Guarderas A, Málaga G. Knowledge of epidemiological risk indicators used in clinical trials among medical students in advanced years and medical residents. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Jan. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 12];29(2). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/344

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