Socio-demographic factors and early life events associated with happiness in adults of Metropolitan Lima

Authors

  • Javier E. Saavedra Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental «Honorio Delgado – Hideyo Noguchi», Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú. Médico psiquiatra, doctor en Medicina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2020.371.4580

Keywords:

Happiness, Adult Survivors of Child Adverse Events, Child Rearing

Abstract

Objectives: To estimate socio-demographic factors and early life events associated with happiness in adults in metropolitan Lima. Materials and methods: A secondary analysis was carried out on the Epidemiological Study of Mental Health of Metropolitan Lima 2012. The instruments used were the Quality of Life Index; a brief and modified version of the EMBU; a questionnaire of early adverse events; a Happiness Index built from Andrews’ single item of Happiness and the Life Satisfaction Scale. Adjusted multivariate analyses were performed. Results: Happiness was significantly associated with gender, marital status, poverty, and level of education. Parenting styles associated significantly with less happiness were: behaviors of rejection and sexist attitudes; and with higher happiness: emotional warmth. No association was found with overprotection or favoritism breeding practices. Early adverse events significantly associated with lower happiness were discussions within the family, father with problems of alcohol, parental absence, behaviors of emotional blackmail or threats. Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of developing intensive programs in the first years of life that promote parenting styles and healthy development environments.

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Author Biography

  • Javier E. Saavedra, Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental «Honorio Delgado – Hideyo Noguchi», Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Perú. Médico psiquiatra, doctor en Medicina

    Director de la Oficina de Apoyo la Investgación y Docencia Especializada del Instituto Nacional de Salud Mental "Honorio Delgado - Hideyo Noguchi"

    Profesor Principal del Departamento Académico de Ciencuias Médicas de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia

    AN Academia Nacional de Medicina

Published

2020-03-23

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Saavedra JE. Socio-demographic factors and early life events associated with happiness in adults of Metropolitan Lima. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 23 [cited 2024 Apr. 19];37(1):42-50. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/4580