Implementation, initial results, and sustainability of the mental health services reform in Peru, 2013-2018


  • Humberto Castillo-Martell Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Salud Mental, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico psiquiatra
  • Yuri Cutipé-Cárdenas Dirección Ejecutiva de Salud Mental, Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico psiquiatra



Mental Health, Health Service Delivery, Peru


This paper analyzes the implementation, initial results, and sustainability of innovations in the provision, financing, and management of mental health services in Peru, carried out during 2013-2018. By applying new financing mechanisms and public management strategies, 104 Community Mental Health Centers and eight Protected Homes were implemented, which prove to be more efficient than psychiatric hospitals. The set of 29 centers created between 2015 and 2017 produced in 2018 an equivalent number in consultations (244,000 vs. 246,000) and patients attended (46,000 vs. 48,000) than the set of three psychiatric hospitals, but with 11% of financing and 43% of psychiatrists. The way mental health care is being provided is changing in Peru by involving citizens and communities in ongoing care and creating better conditions for the exercise of mental health rights. Community mental health reform has gained broad support from political, international, and academic sectors, and from the media. We conclude that the reform of community-based mental health services in Peru is viable and sustainable. It is in a position to scale up the entire health sector throughout the country, subject to the commitment of the authorities, the progressive increase in public financing, and national and international collaborative strategies.


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How to Cite

Castillo-Martell H, Cutipé-Cárdenas Y. Implementation, initial results, and sustainability of the mental health services reform in Peru, 2013-2018. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2019 Jun. 28 [cited 2024 Apr. 14];36(2):326-33. Available from:

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