Relations established by women during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum with health personnel according to social class in Bogotá: qualitative study

Authors

  • Libia A. Bedoya-Ruiz Escuela de Graduados, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. Médico, magíster en Salud Pública https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9529-2952
  • Andrés A. Agudelo-Suárez Escuela de Graduados, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. odontólogo, doctor en Salud Pública https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8079-807X
  • Diego A. Restrepo-Ochoa Escuela de Graduados, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. Facultad de Psicología, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. psicólogo, doctor en Salud Pública

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2020.371.4963

Keywords:

Social Class, Interpersonal Relations, Pregnancy, Childbirth, Postpartum Period

Abstract

Objective: To understand the relationship established between women in a situation of pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum with the health services personnel according to social class in Bogotá (Colombia). Materials and methods: Qualitative study. Critical hermeneutical perspective and critical ethnography. Theoretical sampling. Analysis by triangulation in Atlas.ti. 9 women and 8 health professionals participated. 38 in-depth interviews were conducted for 13 months and 62 accompaniments to the maternal in the activities of prenatal control, vaccination, labor, postpartum consultation, follow-up exams, prophylactic pisco course, hospitalization and waiting room, both in public services as private. Results: There are inequalities according to social class in which the relationship between women and staff is configured in the following aspects: permeability to the needs of women, recognition of psychosocial aspects, having different points of view against a medical recommendation and right to complain or demand to improve. Conclusions: The situation described above intensifies gender issues in women with a less advantageous social class. It is necessary to develop interventions in educational and health institutions that consider aspects where human resources are sensitized on social issues related to the theoretical proposals of research and the democratization of medical information. It is unfair that the condition of social class and gender affects the quality of care and economically stratifies people’s rights.

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Author Biographies

  • Libia A. Bedoya-Ruiz, Escuela de Graduados, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. Médico, magíster en Salud Pública
    Médica. Magister en salud pública Universidad Bordeaux-2. Becaria programa de financiación doctoral COLCIENCIAS. Doctorado Salud Publica Universidad CES, Medellín-Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Observatorio de la Salud Pública.
  • Andrés A. Agudelo-Suárez, Escuela de Graduados, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia. odontólogo, doctor en Salud Pública
    Odontólogo. Doctor en Salud Pública. Grupo de Investigación Observatorio de la Salud Pública. Universidad CES, Medellín- Colombia. Profesor Asociado Facultad de Odontología, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín, Colombia. Investigador Senior Colciencias.
  • Diego A. Restrepo-Ochoa, Escuela de Graduados, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. Facultad de Psicología, Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia. psicólogo, doctor en Salud Pública

    Psicólogo. Magister en Psicología de la Universidad  de San Buenaventura Medellín, Colombia.  Doctor en Salud Pública de la  Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.  Profesor titular de la Universidad CES, Medellín, Colombia.  Presidente de la Asociación Colombiana de Facultades de Psicología.

Published

2020-03-23

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Bedoya-Ruiz LA, Agudelo-Suárez AA, Restrepo-Ochoa DA. Relations established by women during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum with health personnel according to social class in Bogotá: qualitative study. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 23 [cited 2024 Apr. 17];37(1):7-16. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/4963