Listeria bacteremia in patients from a Peruvian oncologic institute, 2005-2015

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2021.381.5488

Keywords:

Listeria, Neoplasms, Bacteremia, Peru

Abstract

Listeriosis infection is a severe disease, with high morbidity and mortality in the immunocompromised patient, especially with disseminated and fatal presentations in cancer patients. A descriptive study was developed to describe the clinical and epidemiologic characteristics in oncologic patients with listeriosis
in the Instituto Nacional de Enfermedades Neoplásicas between the years 2005-2015. A total of 29 patients were included; 23 (79.3%) of the listeriosis cases showed up in patients with hematological neoplasia, of which 52.1% was acute lymphatic leukemia and 39.1% non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. The 72.4% of the isolated species correspond to Listeria monocytogenes. Twenty-seven (93.1%) patients met sepsis criteria and twenty-four (82.7%) had neurologic affection. Bacteremia was the most common presentation, followed by eningoencephalitis (20.6%). Global mortality was 75.8%. In conclusion in cancer patients, listeriosis implies high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, the suspicion of this entity is mandatory in onco-hematologic patients with sepsis and acute neurologic symptoms.

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Published

2021-03-04

Issue

Section

Brief Report

How to Cite

1.
Cuéllar LE, Chiappe A, Velarde J, Holguín A, Portillo D, Vicente W. Listeria bacteremia in patients from a Peruvian oncologic institute, 2005-2015. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2021 Mar. 4 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];38(1):108-12. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/5488

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