Endemic Kaposi’s sarcoma in a HIV-negative patient

Authors

  • José Revilla-López Hospital Nacional Daniel Alcides Carrion. Lima, Peru. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Peru.
  • Raúl Mendoza-Fabián Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Peru. Sociedad Cientifica de San Fernando.
  • Andrea Anampa-Guzmán Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Peru. Sociedad Cientifica de San Fernando.
  • Josias Rosales-Zúñiga Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Peru. Sociedad Cientifica de San Fernando.
  • Joel Chalco-Huamán Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Peru. Sociedad Cientifica de San Fernando.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2015.324.1776

Keywords:

Sarcoma, Kaposi, Neoplasms, HIV

Abstract

Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) is a multicentric, inflammatory angioproliferative cancer associated with herpes virus 8 (HHV-8). It has four clinico-epidemiological types: classic, endemic, iatrogenic and epidemic, or HIV associated. Clinically it may be indolent or aggressive, mainly affecting mucocutaneous areas with eventual visceral and lymph node involvement. It is often present and in a more aggressive form in the HIV-positive population. We report a case of a 27-year-old HIVnegative male patient with a bleeding tumoral lesion in the Waldeyer ring, multiple lymphadenopathies and exophytic foot lesions that remit with anthracycline-based emergency chemotherapy. HIV-negative KS is a rare condition. It is important to consider Peru as an endemic region for HHV-8. The oral involvement of KS is a rare manifestation and of poor prognosis, however, the HIV-negative factor could confer a good prognosis.

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Published

2015-12-06

Issue

Section

Case Report

How to Cite

1.
Revilla-López J, Mendoza-Fabián R, Anampa-Guzmán A, Rosales-Zúñiga J, Chalco-Huamán J. Endemic Kaposi’s sarcoma in a HIV-negative patient. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2015 Dec. 6 [cited 2024 Apr. 23];32(4):808-12. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1776

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