Who is the victim and who the offerder in intimate partner physical violence? and epidemiological study in seven cities of Peru

Authors

  • Fabián Fiestas Unidad de Análisis y Generación de Evidencias en Salud Pública, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Red para la Acción y Avance de la Salud Mental y Psiquiatría (Red AVANSE-PSI). Lima, Perú. Médico epidemiólogo.
  • Ruth Rojas Laboratorio de Neurobiología Molecular, Laboratorios de Investigación y Desarrollo, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Bióloga.
  • Alfonso Gushiken Facultad de Salud Pública y Administración, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. médico, magíster en salud pública, magíster en ciencias sociales.
  • Ernesto Gozzer Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. médico salubrista, especialista en salud internacional.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2012.291.307

Keywords:

Violence based on gender, Spouse abuse, Epidemiology, Peru

Abstract

Objectives. To identify factors associated to the probability of being the aggressor or the victim in cases of intimate partner physical violence. Materials and methods. A secondary data analysis was performed to an epidemiological survey done in seven cities in Peru (Lima, Arequipa, Huamanga, Trujillo, Cuzco, Callao and Maynas). 6399 men and women participated, of whom 3909 participants declared living together with an intimate partner at the time of the interview. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify associated factors to the roles of victim or aggressor. Results. The likelihood of being aggressor or victim in cases of intimate partner physical violence was independent of sex (p<0,01) and the couple´s time living together. factors associated to a higher probability of both roles included a history of exposure to physical violence during childhood, having a favorable attitude towards violence, heavy alcohol drinking, and being younger than 45 years, as well as having a monthly family income of less than 750 USD or an educational attainment of less than complete tertiary school. Geographically, Cusco was the city where it was most likely to find an aggressor or a victim of intimate partner physical violence. Most of these associations obtained p-values of less than 0.001. Conclusions. In cases of intimate partner physical violence, the pattern of predictors is similar in both roles, i.e., aggressor and victim. Sex and the couple´s span of time living together did not predict any of both roles.

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Published

2014-01-29

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Fiestas F, Rojas R, Gushiken A, Gozzer E. Who is the victim and who the offerder in intimate partner physical violence? and epidemiological study in seven cities of Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Jan. 29 [cited 2024 May 27];29(1). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/307

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