Potentially therapeutic agents against SARS-CoV-2: rapid review of the evidence
Keywords:Coronavirus, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, COVID-19, COVID-19 Drug Treatment, Technology Assessment, Biomedical, Peru
AbstractThe Instituto de Evaluación de Tecnologías en Salud e Investigación (IETSI) of the Seguro Social de Salud (EsSalud) has completed seven brief reports by means of rapid reviews of evidence regarding the potentially effective therapies against SARS-CoV-2 in order to provide current and relevant information for decision makers, clinicians, researchers and the academic community in Peru. The therapeutic agents evaluated were chloroquine/hydroxychloroquine, lopinavir/ritonavir, tocilizumab, oseltamivir, interferon, atazanavir and anti SARS-CoV-2 serum. Evidence identification included the review of PubMed and Cochrane Library electronic databases. Additionally, manual search was carried out on websites from groups dedicated to research and education on health, as well as in the main specialized societies or institutions, such as, the World Health Organization (WHO) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Furthermore, in order to reduce publication bias, the websites: www.clinicaltrials.gov and http://apps.who.int/trialsearch were searched to identify in-progress or unpublished clinical trials. Finally, a “snowball” strategy was performed by reviewing the reference lists of the systematic reviews, primary studies and selected narrative reviews to identify relevant information. The latest review (March 27, 2020) showed that there is no evidence to recommend any medication for patients´ treatment with COVID-19. More evidence, preferably high-quality randomized clinical trials, is needed for decision-making against SARS-CoV-2.
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Bendezu-Quispe G, Rodríguez-Zúñiga MJM, Roman YM, Mori-Llontop LM, Peralta V, Fiestas F. Potentially therapeutic agents against SARS-CoV-2: rapid review of the evidence. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [nternet]. 2020 Apr. 16 [cited 2023 May 31];37(2):320-6. vailable from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/5409
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