Neglected infectious diseases: an ongoing challenge for public health and equity in Peru


  • César Cabezas-Sánchez Centro Nacional de Salud Pública. Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico infectólogo-tropicalista



Infectious diseases, Neglected tropical diseases, Health public policy


Neglected Infectious Diseases (NID) affect more than one billion people worldwide, and are associated with poverty, geographic isolation of populations, social stigma, lack of precise data on estimates on both the global and local burden of disease (underreporting of the diseases), inadequate financial and political resources to effective control measures, lack of lobbying on behalf of the most vulnerable population, as well as scarce drug and diagnostic methods development. In this article we describe the relationship between NID, poverty and inequality, we propose a new concept of disease in the tropics, expanding the list of diseases that share characteristics with NID in the Peruvian context, discuss the limited availability of drugs and diagnostic tests to properly deal with these diseases, as well as highlight the contributions by the Peruvian National Institute of Health, and as final thoughts, we state that the solution for the prevention and control of NID must include an integrated approach, including the social determinants of health in the context of the fight against poverty and inequality.


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How to Cite

Cabezas-Sánchez C. Neglected infectious diseases: an ongoing challenge for public health and equity in Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Jul. 2 [cited 2024 Jun. 15];31(2). Available from: