Hypotensive effect of extract of macerated garlic (Allium sativum) for 18 weeks in an in vivo experimental model

Authors

  • David Chaupis-Meza Escuela de Tecnología Médica, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Sociedad Científica de Estudiantes de Tecnología Médica Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Estudiante de Tecnología Médica
  • Juan Rojas Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. químico farmacéutico, doctor en Farmacia y Bioquímica
  • Manuel Gasco Facultad de Ciencias y Filosofía, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. biólogo, magíster en Fisiología
  • Gustavo F. Gonzales Facultad de Ciencias y Filosofía, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. doctor en Ciencias y en Medicina.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2014.313.81

Keywords:

Garlic, Phenolic compounds, Chronic disease, Hypertension, Rats, L-NAME

Abstract

Objectives. Determine whether macerated extract of garlic (Allium sativum) for 18 weeks is equal to or better than Captopril in its hypotensive effect in rats. Materials and methods. We performed an experimental in vivo study with Holtzman male rats divided into five groups using 100, 500 and 1,000 mg kg of garlic extract, Captopril 100 mg/kg and a vehicle group. 50 mg/kg L-NAME (NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester) was administered intraperitoneally which elevated blood pressure after the third day. Statistical analysis consisted of Student’s t-test for paired means, ANOVA and Scheffe multiple comparison. Results. The macerated garlic extracted by a hydroalcoholic process administered for 18 weeks resulted in a decrease in blood pressure in experimental animals. In the analysis of treatments on mean arterial pressure (MAP), significant differences were obtained after the third day. The comparison of the MAP final versus MAP basal (no difference in averages) and the hypotensive effect (%) were: garlic-100 (p=0.008), 59.8%; ajo-500 (p=0.021), 80.6%; garlic-1000 (p=0.034), 88.5%; captopril (p=0.437), 99.9%; and vehicle-only (p=0.001), 0%. Conclusions. The macerated garlic given for an 18-week period effectively produced a hypotensive effect in rats with hypertension induced by L-NAME.

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Published

2014-09-25

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Chaupis-Meza D, Rojas J, Gasco M, Gonzales GF. Hypotensive effect of extract of macerated garlic (Allium sativum) for 18 weeks in an in vivo experimental model. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Sep. 25 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];31(3). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/81

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