In vitro antimicrobial activity of Bixa orellana L. leaves extract against anaerobic bacteria  associated to bacterial vaginosis and Lactobacillus spp.




Bixa Orellana, Vaginosis, bacterial, Plant Extracts, in vitro Techniques, Gardnerella vaginalis, Lactobacillus


Objective. To describe the in vitro antimicrobial activity of the methanolic extract of Bixa orellana L. leaves against anaerobic bacteria associated to bacterial vaginosis and  Lactobacillus spp. Materials and methods. Eight ATCC reference strains; Gardnerella vaginalis, Prevotella bivia, Peptococcus niger, Peptostreptococcus anaerobius, Mobiluncus curtisii, Atopobium vaginae, Veillonella parvula, and Lactobacillus crispatus, and twenty-two clinical isolates; eleven Gardnerella vaginalis and eleven Lactobacillus strains, were included in the study. The antimicrobial susceptibility was determined by the agar diffusion method. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined by using agar dilution and a modified dilution plating method, respectively. Results. All ATCC reference strains showed
high levels of susceptibility to the extract, except P. vibia, V. parvula and L. crispatus. Interestingly, all G. vaginalis clinical isolates and the G. vaginalis ATTC strain were the most susceptible to the extract, given their low MIC (1.0 – 2.0 mg/mL) and MBC (1.0 – 4.0 mg/mL) values, whereas, the Lactobacillus spp. clinical isolates and the L. crispatus ATCC strain were the least susceptible bacteria given their high MIC (32.0 mg/mL) and MBC (≥ 32.0 mg/mL) values. Conclusions. In vitro experiments suggest that the extract possesses selective antimicrobial properties given its high activity against bacterial vaginosis-associated anaerobic bacteria and low activity against Lactobacillus species.


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Original Article

How to Cite

Marcas J, Romero L, Tipiani O, Loyola S, Tamariz J. In vitro antimicrobial activity of Bixa orellana L. leaves extract against anaerobic bacteria  associated to bacterial vaginosis and Lactobacillus spp. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 27 [cited 2024 Apr. 24];39(4):408-14. Available from: