Comorbidities associated with COVID-19 mortality in adults in Lima, Peru: a retrospective cohort study

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2023.402.12170

Keywords:

COVID-19, Comorbidity, Prognosis, Hospitalization, Peru

Abstract

Objectives. To evaluate comorbidities associated with mortality in adult patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 in hospitals in Lima and Callao. Materials and methods. In this retrospective cohort study, we analyzed data from adult patients hospitalized due to COVID-19 reported to the National Epidemiological Surveillance System of the Peruvian Ministry of Health from March to October 2020. We estimated relative risks with 95% confidence intervals using Poisson regression models with robust variance to assess comorbidities associated with mortality by age group: young adults (18-29 years), adults (30-59 years) and older adults (≥60 years). Results. We included 2366 young adults, 23,781 adults and 25,356 older adults. Older adults had the highest mortality (63.7%) compared to adults (27.1%) and young adults (8.5%). Regardless of age group, the presence of neurological disease, renal disease, liver disease, and cancer was associated with an increased risk of mortality. Additionally, cardiovascular disease was also a risk factor in young adults; obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, chronic lung disease, and immunodeficiency in adults; and obesity and chronic lung disease in the elderly. Conclusions. Regardless of age groups, individuals with chronic neurologic disease, renal disease, liver disease, and cancer were at high risk of death from COVID-19.

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Published

2023-06-30

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Soto-Cabezas MG, Reyes-Vega MF, Soriano-Moreno AN, Ordoñez-Ibargüen L, Martel KS, Flores-Jaime N, et al. Comorbidities associated with COVID-19 mortality in adults in Lima, Peru: a retrospective cohort study. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 19];40(2):132-40. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/12170

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