Association between knowledge about cervical cancer and having a papanicolaou test in peruvian women

Authors

  • Guido Bendezu-Quispe Unidad de Investigación para la Generación y Síntesis de Evidencias en Salud, Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima, Perú. Magíster en Informática Biomédica
  • Anderson N. Soriano-Moreno Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, Perú. estudiante de Medicina
  • Diego Urrunaga-Pastor Universidad Científica del Sur, Lima, Perú. estudiante de Medicina
  • Gino Venegas-Rodríguez Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad de Piura, Lima, Perú. Clínica Angloamericana, Lima, Perú. ginecólogo oncólogo
  • Vicente A. Benites-Zapata Unidad de Investigación para la Generación y Síntesis de Evidencias en Salud, Vicerrectorado de Investigación, Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola, Lima, Perú. magíster en Investigación Epidemiológica

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2020.371.4730

Keywords:

Uterine Cervical Neoplasms, Papanicolaou Test, Papillomaviridae, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice

Abstract

Objetives: To estimate the association between having knowledge about cervical cancer (CC) and having a Pap test (PAP) in Peruvian women over 30 years old. Materials and Methods: A secondary analysis of the Demographic and Family Health Survey of the years 2015 to 2017 was carried out. The level of knowledge was evaluated using the questions, do you think that cancer can be prevented?, Have you ever heard of CC?, Have you ever heard of human papillomavirus (HPV)? And do you think HPV can cause CC? The dependent variable was the realization of a PAP in the last two years. To estimate the association, generalized linear models of the raw and adjusted Poisson family were used. The measure of association was the adjusted prevalence ratio (aPR) with its respective 95% confidence intervals (95% CI). Results: Data from 21 563 women were analyzed. The prevalence of having performed a PAP in the last two years was 52.4%. It was found that, those who responded that cancer can be prevented (aPR = 1.09; 95% CI: 1.01-1.17), who had heard of CC (aPR = 1.27; 95% CI: 1.14-1 , 40) or HPV (aPR = 1.20; 95% CI: 1.13-1.28) or who responded that HPV could cause CC (aPR = 1.21; 95% CI: 1.11-1.33) had a higher prevalence of having performed a PAP in the last two years. Conclusions: Having knowledge about CC and HPV has been associated with having performed a PAP in the last two years.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Published

2020-03-23

Issue

Section

Original Article

How to Cite

1.
Bendezu-Quispe G, Soriano-Moreno AN, Urrunaga-Pastor D, Venegas-Rodríguez G, Benites-Zapata VA. Association between knowledge about cervical cancer and having a papanicolaou test in peruvian women. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2020 Mar. 23 [cited 2024 May 20];37(1):17-24. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/4730

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>