Chancho (alcanzo, hapiruzqa), andean cultural syndrome: frequency, characteristics and traditional treatments in Ayacucho, Perú

Authors

  • Dante R. Culqui Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Dirección Regional de Salud de Ayacucho, Ministerio de Salud. Ayacucho, Perú. Médico Epidemiólogo.
  • Simy Reátegui Hospital Central de la Policía Nacional del Perú “Luis N. Sáenz”, Ministerio del Interior. Lima, Perú. Dirección Regional de Salud de Ayacucho, Ministerio de Salud. Ayacucho, Perú. Médico General.
  • Omar V. Trujillo Dirección General de Epidemiología, Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Dirección Regional de Salud de Ayacucho, Ministerio de Salud. Ayacucho, Perú. Médico Epidemiólogo.
  • Carol Zavaleta Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico especialista en control de enfermedades infecciosas y tropicales.
  • Neptalí Cueva Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico General.
  • Luis A. Suárez-Ognio Dirección General de Epidemiología, Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Dirección Regional de Salud de Ica, Ministerio de Salud. Ica, Perú. Médico Epidemiólogo.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2008.251.1237

Keywords:

Traditional medicine, Treatment refusal, Cultural diversity, Perú

Abstract

Objectives. Knowing the clinical features, diagnose and treatment for patients with the syndrome mean as chacho and what is its perceived prevalence in five districts of Ayacucho (Peruvian Central Andes).Material and methods. Qualiquantitative study, which included two groups of participants, the first (95) were residents or relatives of those who have ever had in your life chacho, the second group (11) formed by traditional healers of every community. Resultados. Chacho (alcanzo, hapiruzqa in quechua), is regarded as a disease of magical origin, characterized by fever, malaise, rejection of some dairy products and pork, in most patients referred the antecedent of a to rest near hill or sleep on the floor (ground ). The duration of the disease was less than a week on average and it was shown that treatment includes the consumption of gasoline, creso (disinfectant), kerosene, as well as the pagapo (Andean ritual of payment to the ground). The consumption of drugs worsens the health condition of patients. Perceived prevalence ranged between 9.1 to 38.0 cases per thousand people habitants, and perceived mortality from 3.8 to 16.8 per ten thousand habitants. Conclusions. Chacho is a present cutlural syndrome, which must be recognized and addressed by health personnel, thus giving them the opportunity to bring the ancestral knowledge of traditional medicine with the current biomedical.

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Published

2008-03-31

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Culqui DR, Reátegui S, Trujillo OV, Zavaleta C, Cueva N, Suárez-Ognio LA. Chancho (alcanzo, hapiruzqa), andean cultural syndrome: frequency, characteristics and traditional treatments in Ayacucho, Perú. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2008 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 May 23];25(1). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1237