Tuberculosis in the indigenous population of Peru 2008

Authors

  • Dante R. Culqui Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Instituto Nacional de Oftalmología, Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico epidemiólogo.
  • Omar V. Trujillo Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico epidemiólogo.
  • Neptalí Cueva Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Medico cirujano.
  • Rula Aylas Estrategia Nacional de Prevención y Control de la Tuberculosis, Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Enfermera.
  • Oswaldo Salaverry Centro Nacional de Salud Intercultural, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Medico cirujano.
  • César Bonilla Estrategia Nacional de Prevención y Control de la Tuberculosis, Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico neumólogo.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2010.271.1438

Keywords:

Indigenous population, Tuberculosis, cultural diversity, Peru

Abstract

Objective. To identify the indigenous inhabitants affected by tuberculosis (TB) in Peru during the year 2008. Material and methods. Descriptive observational study, performed from August to December 2009, including all indigenous patients affected by tuberculosis that were including in the Control Program during the year 2008 in the 25 regions of Peru. Results. We identified 702 indigenous patients with tuberculosis. The ethnical groups that have most patients were the Quechua group (417/702; 59.4%) and the Amazonic indigenous (201/702, 28.6%). Out of the Amazonic, more than 60% belonged to the Ashaninka (Campas), Shipibo and Matsiguenga groups. In third place, we found the Aymara natives, who had 84/702 (11.97%) of cases of tuberculosis. It is important to mention that the distribution of the cases of multidrugresistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) involves five departments (nine cases of MDR TB), being the greater number of cases of MDR TB in patients previously treated (6/9), and only 3 cases were primary MDR TB, belonging to the quechua group. Conclusions. High incidence rates of tuberculosis in indigenous population have been found, which raises the need of further research in order to guarantee the correct gathering of information in ethnic groups in order to have more and better evidence about the situation of tuberculosis in the indigenous population of Peru.

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Published

2010-03-31

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Culqui DR, Trujillo OV, Cueva N, Aylas R, Salaverry O, Bonilla C. Tuberculosis in the indigenous population of Peru 2008. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2010 Mar. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 19];27(1). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/1438

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