Design and validation of a scale to assess Latin American medical students' perception on the labour of the fisrt level of health care

Authors

  • Percy Mayta-Tristán Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas. Lima, Perú. Sociedad Científica de San Fernando, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Médico Salubrista, especialista en estadística en investigación.
  • Edward Mezones-Holguín Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas. Lima, Perú. Unidad de Análisis y Generación de Evidencia en Salud Pública (UNAGESP), Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. médico cirujano, maestro en Ciencias en Epidemiología Clínica
  • Reneé Pereyra-Elías Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas. Lima, Perú. Unidad de Análisis y Generación de Evidencia en Salud Pública (UNAGESP), Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. estudiante de Medicina.
  • Juan J. Montenegro-Idrogo Sociedad Científica de San Fernando, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. estudiante de Medicina.
  • Christian R. Mejia Escuela de Medicina, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas. Lima, Perú. Asociación Médica de Investigación y Servicios en Salud. Lima, Perú. médico cirujano.
  • Andrés Dulanto-Pizzorni Sociedad Científica de San Fernando, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. médico cirujano.
  • Sergio R. Muñoz Centro de Excelencia CIGES, Universidad de La Frontera. Temuco, Chile. matemático, PhD en Bioestadística.
  • Red LIRHUS Grupo Colaborativo Latinoamericano de Investigación en Recursos Humanos en Salud.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2013.302.190

Keywords:

Primary health care, Health manpower, Education, medical, Factor analysis, statistical, Latin America

Abstract

Objectives. To design and validate a scale to assess Latin American medical students’ perception on first level of health care (FLHC). Materials and methods. An observational, analytic and multicentre study was carried out in two phases: i) A self-administered questionnaire regarding perceptions on FLHClabor was designed. ii) This questionnaire was applied to to medical students from 18 universities of eight Spanish-speaking Latin American countries. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed through a principal components analysis with orthogonal varimax rotation. Sample adequacy was evaluated. Factor extraction was based on Kaiser’s criteria, Cattell’s Scree test and the explained variance (>5%). Internal consistency was measured with Cronbach’s alpha. Results. 423 students were included in the analysis; 53.4% were from Peruvian universities. After the EFA, the questionnaire conserved 11 items, which were distributed in three domains, that explaining together 55.47% of the total variance: i) Perceptions concerning the FLHC physician; ii) Perceptions concerning the FiLC labor and iii) Perceptions about the economic consequences of working in FLHC. Conclusion. The scale is composed by three domains and can be used to assess the perceptions of the medical work on first level of health care of Spanish-speaking Latin American medical students.

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Published

2014-02-10

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Mayta-Tristán P, Mezones-Holguín E, Pereyra-Elías R, Montenegro-Idrogo JJ, Mejia CR, Dulanto-Pizzorni A, et al. Design and validation of a scale to assess Latin American medical students’ perception on the labour of the fisrt level of health care. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Feb. 10 [cited 2024 Apr. 16];30(2). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/190

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