Prevalence of symptomatic respiratory cases in the Peruvian population aged 15 years and above: secondary analysis of the demographic and family health survey, 2013-2015

Authors

  • César Gutiérrez Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad de Piura. Lima, Perú. Médico epidemiólogo
  • Joel Roque Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de San Martin de Porres. Lima, Perú. Médico epidemiólogo
  • Franco Romaní Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. médico cirujano
  • Jorge Zagaceta Facultad de Medicina Humana, Universidad de Piura. Lima, Perú. médico neumólogo; doctor en Medicina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2017.341.2771

Keywords:

cough, tuberculosis, Peru, prevalence

Abstract

The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of symptomatic respiratory (SR) cases in the Peruvian population aged 15 years and over between 2013 and 2015. A secondary analysis of the Demographic and Family Health Survey (ENDES) was carried out. The subjects of the study were people aged 15 years and over who answered these interview questions: Do you currently have a cough with phlegm? How long have you had a cough with phlegm? People who had had a cough and phlegm for 15 days or more were defined as having SR. The prevalence of SR was 3.3% in 2013 (95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 2.8-3.9%), 3.8% in 2014 (95% CI: 3.5-4.1%), and 3.3% in 2015 (95% CI: 3.0-3.6%). The prevalence of SR was greater than 5% in people aged 60 years and over, in people in the poorest quintile, and in residents of rural areas. We conclude that 3-4% of Peruvian people aged 15 years and over report cough with phlegm for ≥15 days. The proportion with SR varies according to the region of the country. It is recommended that the expected number of symptomatic SR cases be assessed and that Peruvian healthcare be adjusted as necessary.

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Published

2017-03-23

Issue

Section

Brief Report

How to Cite

1.
Gutiérrez C, Roque J, Romaní F, Zagaceta J. Prevalence of symptomatic respiratory cases in the Peruvian population aged 15 years and above: secondary analysis of the demographic and family health survey, 2013-2015. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2017 Mar. 23 [cited 2024 May 29];34(1):98-104. Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/2771

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