Epidemiological profile of traffic-related disability in Peru, 2012

Authors

  • César Gutiérrez Departamento Académico de Medicina Preventiva y Salud Pública, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú Médico magíster en Epidemiología.
  • Franco Romaní Oficina General de Investigación y Transferencia Tecnológica, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano.
  • Paolo Wong-Chero Instituto Peruano de Investigación en Ciencias Médicas (IPICMED). Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano.
  • Juan José Montenegro-Idrogo Sociedad Científica de San Fernando. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2014.312.44

Keywords:

Accidents, traffic, Disabled persons, Prevalence

Abstract

Objectives. To describe the epidemiological profile of people living with disabilities due to traffic accidents (TA) in Peru. Materials and methods. Secondary analysis of the National Survey Specialized on Disability (ENEDIS) of 2012 and an ecological analysis of TA records of the Ministry of Transportation and Communications was done. Results. Disability by traffic accidents (DAT) was reported by 49,036 persons; 81.3% of whom live in urban areas. The most frequent disability was limited locomotion and skill (77.4%), followed by visual impairment (22.9%). Dependence for activities was reported in 44.7% of persons with disabilities. The regions with the highest prevalence of TA have a higher prevalence of disability by traffic accidents (Spearman coefficient: 0.426, p=0.034). Conclusions. Most of disability due to TA is found in urban areas, correspond to males and consist of persons in economically productive age. The most common form of disability is in locomotion. Most of individuals do not receive any form of rehabilitation, which accentuates health inequity related to traffic accidents.

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Published

2014-07-02

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Gutiérrez C, Romaní F, Wong-Chero P, Montenegro-Idrogo JJ. Epidemiological profile of traffic-related disability in Peru, 2012. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Jul. 2 [cited 2024 Jun. 20];31(2). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/44

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