Detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants in hospital wastewater in Peru, 2022




Genomics, SARS-CoV-2, Wastewater, Sequencing, Wastewater-Based Epidemiological Monitoring


Objetive. To identify the presence of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in wastewater from hospitals in Peru. Materials and methods. Water samples were collected from the effluents of nine hospitals in Peru during March and September 2022. SARS-CoV-2 was identified by using Illumina sequencing. Variant, lineage and clade assignments were carried out using the Illumina and Nextclado tools. We verified whether the SARS-CoV-2 variants obtained from wastewater were similar to those reported by the National Institute of Health of Peru from patients during the same period and region. Results. Eighteen of the 20 hospital wastewater samples (90%) provided sequences of sufficient quality to be classified as the Omicron variant according to the WHO classification. Among them, six (30%) were assigned by Nextclade to clades 21K lineage BA.1.1 (n=1), 21L lineage BA.2 (n=2), and 22B lineages BA.5.1 (n=2) and BA .5.5 (n=1). Conclusions. SARS-CoV-2 variants were found in hospital wastewater samples and were similar to those reported by the surveillance system in patients during the same weeks and geographic areas. Wastewater monitoring could provide information on the environmental and temporal variation of viruses such as SARS-CoV-2.


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Original Article

How to Cite

Marcos-Carbajal P, Yareta-Yareta J, Otiniano-Trujillo M, Galarza- Pérez M, Espinoza-Culupu A, Ramirez-Melgar JL, et al. Detection of SARS-CoV-2 variants in hospital wastewater in Peru, 2022. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 21 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];41(2):140-5. Available from:

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