Overweight, obesity and chronic malnutrition in 6 to 9 year-old children in Peru, 2009-2010

Authors

  • Jaime Pajuelo-Ramírez Instituto de Investigaciones Clínicas, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano, magister en Nutrición.
  • José Sánchez-Abanto Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. nutricionista, magister en Nutrición.
  • Doris Alvarez-Dongo Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. nutricionista.
  • Carolina Tarqui-Mamani Centro Nacional de Alimentación y Nutrición, Instituto Nacional de Salud. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. obstetriz, magister en Epidemiología con especialidad en Estadística.
  • Rosario Aguero-Zamora Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú. médico cirujano.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2013.304.236

Keywords:

Malnutrition, Overweight, Obesity, Chil, Growth

Abstract

Objectives. To determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity and chronic malnutrition in 6- to 9-year-old children in Peru. Materials and methods. A cross-cutting study based on the 2009-2010 National Household Survey. The size/age ratio was analyzed with references of the National Center for Health Statistic (NCSH) and the World Health Organization (WHO), considering less than two standard deviations for chronic malnutrition (CM); and the Must and WHO reference tables to measure the body mass index with 85 to 95 percentile values for overweight and above 95 for obesity. Results. With Must as reference, overweight was 12.1% and obesity 9.4%, and according to WHO overweight and obesity were 10.2 and 11.3% respectively. The prevalence of CM according to NCSH and WHO is 15.4 and 17.8% respectively. The highest prevalence of CM is in the north (25.2%), center (22.9%) and south of (19%) the Highland, while obesity is more present in the south coast (28%), Metropolitan Lima (22.8%) and the central Coast (22.5%). Of all the children with CM, 6.5% has overweight and 1.2% obesity. Conclusions. CM is decreasing because size averages have improved, however obesity has doubled. The presence of CM and obesity in children aged 6 to 9 years old in different regions of Peru poses a challenge in the planning of food and nutrition policies.

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Published

2014-03-11

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Pajuelo-Ramírez J, Sánchez-Abanto J, Alvarez-Dongo D, Tarqui-Mamani C, Aguero-Zamora R. Overweight, obesity and chronic malnutrition in 6 to 9 year-old children in Peru, 2009-2010. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Mar. 11 [cited 2024 May 25];30(4). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/236

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