Neonatal mortality, analysis of surveillance registers, and neonatal medical histories of 2011 in Huanuco and Ucayali, Peru

Authors

  • José Enrique Velásquez Hurtado Programa de Apoyo a la Reforma del Sector Salud (PARSALUD II). Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano. Magíster en Salud Pública.
  • Lourdes Kusunoki Fuero Programa de Apoyo a la Reforma del Sector Salud (PARSALUD II). Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano. Pediatra.
  • Tania Gisella Paredes Quiliche Programa de Apoyo a la Reforma del Sector Salud (PARSALUD II). Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano. Magíster en Salud Pública. Magíster en Bioestadística.
  • Raquel Hurtado La Rosa Programa de Apoyo a la Reforma del Sector Salud (PARSALUD II). Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Magíster en Salud Pública.
  • Angel Martín Rosas Aguirre Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano. Magíster en Salud Pública.
  • Walter Eduardo Vigo Valdez Programa de Apoyo a la Reforma del Sector Salud (PARSALUD II). Ministerio de Salud. Lima, Perú. Médico cirujano. Magíster en Gerencia de Proyectos y Programas Sociales.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17843/rpmesp.2014.312.39

Keywords:

Infant, newborn, Neonatal mortality, Cause of death, Maternal and child health, Prevention and control

Abstract

Objectives. To estimate the rate of neonatal mortality and to describe neonatal deaths in 2011 in hospitals of the Ministry of Health at Huanuco and Ucayali (Peru). Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study from September to November 2012 in Huanuco and Ucayali. Records of neonatal deaths in 2011 were reviewed from provincial municipalities, regional health directorates and four referral hospitals. To calculate mortality rates, we used the most reliable information sources by region. Reviewing 185 medical records in hospitals allowed us to describe the root causes of neonatal deaths. Results. In 2011, 10,886 live births and 158 neonatal deaths were reported in Huanuco, with a rate of 14.5 deaths per 1000 live births. In Ucayali, 11,441 live births and 138 neonatal deaths were reported, with a rate of 12.1 deaths per 1000 live births. Most hospital neonatal deaths occurred in the first 7 days of life (87%), in preterm infants (73.9%) and with low birth weight (67%). The most common underlying causes of neonatal deaths were infection (31.4%), congenital malformation (22.2%) and prematurity (18.9%). Conclusions. Neonatal mortality rate in the studied regions was higher than the national average. The results suggest the need for effective and comprehensive interventions during pregnancy, childbirth and the early postnatal period; this last period is the most vulnerable in the neonate.

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Published

2014-07-02

Issue

Section

Research Articles

How to Cite

1.
Velásquez Hurtado JE, Kusunoki Fuero L, Paredes Quiliche TG, Hurtado La Rosa R, Rosas Aguirre AM, Vigo Valdez WE. Neonatal mortality, analysis of surveillance registers, and neonatal medical histories of 2011 in Huanuco and Ucayali, Peru. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [Internet]. 2014 Jul. 2 [cited 2024 May 27];31(2). Available from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/39

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