Evaluating maternal child care practices in extreme poverty areas in Peru, 2012
Keywords:Child care, Maternal and child health, Prevention and control, Health evaluation
AbstractObjectives. To evaluate maternal and child care practices in areas with extreme poverty in Peru. Materials and methods. Cross-sectional study conducted between August and September 2012; with probabilistic, three-stage stratification by “department” (geographic region) sampling. 540 households were selected that had at least one child younger than 36 months (475 households) and/or a pregnant women (80 households), in rural areas of Cajamarca, Amazonas, Huanuco, Ayacucho, Huancavelica, Apurimac, Cusco, Puno and Ucayali. Results. Regarding the last pregnancy, 69.0% of the mothers reported having had their first prenatal care in the first trimester; 65.3% reported having completed more than six check-ups throughout the pregnancy; 81.1% reported having given birth in a health facility, and only 31.0% chose a method of family planning within 42 days postpartum. With regard to the last child under 3 years old, 64.1% had early mother-infant contact, and 62.8% initiated breastfeeding within one hour of birth. In addition, 89.6% of children under 6 months old exclusively received breastfeeding and 89.1% of children aged 6-8 months old already had received complementary feeding. Fever, diarrhea, vomiting and breathing difficulty were the most mentioned warning signs for seeking care for children. Conclusions. Through this study, a baseline has been established on which a strategy can be designed and implemented to improve best practices for maternal and child care as part of the “Programa de Apoyo” within the Health Sector Reform.
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How to Cite
Velásquez Hurtado JE, Solís Alcedo L, Vigo Valdez WE, Rosas Aguirre Ángel M, Giusti Hundskopf P, Alfaro Fernandez P, Cabrera Arredondo H. Evaluating maternal child care practices in extreme poverty areas in Peru, 2012. Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica [nternet]. 2014 Jul. 2 [cited 2023 Jun. 1];31(2). vailable from: https://rpmesp.ins.gob.pe/index.php/rpmesp/article/view/41
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